WeiNote

yyrcd

gpu

os

pl

2021

Sep 16

2021-09-16 ·

Register 读写只需要半个 cycle,先写再读

The OR instruction also operates without incurring a hazard because we perform the register file reads in the second half of the cycle and the writes in the first half

每个 cycle 都是先写再读的,那个实线和虚线的意思是,ID (Instruction Decode) 阶段用到的是读,发生在后半个 cycle(实线),WB (Write Back) 阶段需要写入 Register,发生在前半个 cycle(实线)。 因此图中的 OR Instruction 没有 data harzard。

2021

Sep 02

2021-09-02 ·

Bash argument

For example submit.sh

POSITIONAL=()
while [[ $# -gt 0 ]]; do
  key="$1"

  case $key in
    -c|--config)
      CONFIG="$2"
      shift # past argument
      shift # past value
      ;;
    -n|--notes)
      NOTES="$2"
      shift # past argument
      shift # past value
      ;;
    -m|--mode)
      MODE="$2"
      shift # past argument
      shift # past value
      ;;
    *)    # unknown option
      POSITIONAL+=("$1") # save it in an array for later
      shift # past argument
      ;;
  esac
done

set -- "${POSITIONAL[@]}" # restore positional parameters

# set default value
if [ -z ${MODE+x} ]; then echo "MODE is unset, set to default as test"; MODE=test; fi
if [ -z ${NOTES+x} ]; then echo "NOTES is unset, set to default as none"; NOTES=ani; fi
echo

if [ -z "${CONFIG-}" ]; then
  # unset
  echo "Must provide a config file"
  exit 1
else
  # set
  echo "CONFIG  = ${CONFIG}"
  echo "MODE    = ${MODE}"
  echo "NOTES   = ${NOTES}"
  echo
fi

Usage:

bash submit.sh -c config.yaml -n "I am a note" -m run

output

CONFIG  = config.yaml
MODE    = run
NOTES   = I am a note

2021

Sep 02

2021-09-02 ·

byte (charactor): 8 bits half word: 8 * 2 bits (16) word: 8 * 4 bits (32) double word: 8 * 8 bits (64)

2021

Aug 24

2021-08-24 ·

快捷键 | Shortcuts

iTerm

  • Cmd + Option + left Navigate split panes

VS Code

  • Cmd + P Quick File Navigation
  • Cmd + B 隐藏/打开 侧边栏
  • Ctrl + Up 代码向上移动一行
  • Cmd + Shift + . 上方的 Navigation Bar (Breadcrumbs) (有 dropdown)
  • Cmd + Shift + ; 上方的 Navigation Bar (Breadcrumbs) (无 dropdown)

Terminal

  • Ctrl + W 删除上一个单词
  • Ctrl + U 可以删除光标之前的内容
  • Ctrl + K 可以删除光标之后的内容

Mac

  • Option + ↑: Show all windows
  • Ctrl + Cmd + X: Open folder in Terminal
  • Option + Cmd + H: Hide all

Chrome

  • Crtl + Shift + Del: Delete current suggestion from 地址栏

2021

Aug 18

2021

Aug 15

2021-08-15 ·

Luv(Sic) Hexalogy - Nujabes / Shing02

  • Sic: The typical usage is to inform the reader that any errors or apparent errors in quoted material do not arise from errors in the course of the transcription, but are intentionally reproduced, exactly as they appear in the source text. (from wikipedia)
  • Luv(Sic) ≈≈ Love Sick

Jazz Hip hop:

好的音乐本质是氛围吸引人,流行乐本质是旋律吸引人。 -- 如何评价 Nujabes? - 知乎

与风格无关,与情绪和氛围有关,更像是一种意境的表达。 -- JAZZ HIPHOP之父|永远的混沌武士nujabes - YouTube

相关文章:

相关 Musician & 歌曲:

  • Nujabes
  • 西原健一郎
    • CME
    • Hydrodamails
  • FreeTempo
    • theory
  • Romantic Production
    • Butterfly Kiss

2021

Aug 15

2021-08-15 ·

健康饮食 | 血糖生成指数

标准:

  • 高GI:GI>70,食物进入胃肠后能被迅速消化,葡萄糖进入血液后峰值高,血糖迅速升高
  • 中GI:55≤GI≤70
  • 低GI:GI<55,食物在胃肠中停留时间较长,葡萄糖进入血液后的峰值低血糖升高的速度慢。

Todo:

  • 蒸土豆 可当主食
  • 蒸胡萝卜
  • 蒸拌茄子
  • 全麦面包

简表:

2021-08-15-食物血糖生成指数-简版

全表:

Ref:

2021

Aug 14

2021-08-14 ·

Dockerfile Command

  1. FROM: https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/builder/#from
    • 可以使用多个From image as name,多阶段构建
  2. 使用 COPY 而不是 ADD: https://docs.docker.com/engine/reference/builder/#copy
    • COPY dest assume 的相对链接是在 workdir
  3. RUN vs CMD

实践:2021-08-13-如何优化 node 项目的 docker 镜像像老板压榨员工一样压榨镜像.pdf

2021

Aug 05

2021

Jul 28

2021-07-28 ·

Redirect Output to File

redirect stdout

command > file

redirect stderr

command 2> file

redirect stdout and stderr to different files

command > file.out 2> file.err

redirect stdout and stderr to the same file

command > file 2>&1

2021

Jul 15

2021-07-15 ·

count lines recursively

find . -name '*.py' | xargs wc -l

2021

Jul 14

2021-07-14 ·

内存 pageout swapout

$ vm_stat 2
Mach Virtual Memory Statistics: (page size of 16384 bytes)
    free   active   specul inactive throttle    wired  prgable   faults     copy    0fill reactive   purged file-backed anonymous cmprssed cmprssor  dcomprs   comprs  pageins  pageout  swapins swapouts
   56511   383075    10917   371732        0   111455     2131 68649803  5590148 38464146  1059943   257199      362954    402770   175812    75492   298067   705884  1240072    10900        0        0
   57043   383207    10916   371045        0   111480     2136     5898      357     3281        0        0      362953    402215   175811    75492        1        0        0        0        0        0
   59374   381386    10916   370487        0   111530     2128     2259      119     1407        0      152      362953    399836   175811    75492        0        0        0        0        0        0
   59436   381385    10917   370461        0   111491     2129     3927      238     2242        0        0      362954    399809   175811    75492        0        0        0        0        0        0
   58088   383078    10927   370769        0   110906     2106     5078      238     2648        0        0      362965    401809   175809    75492        2        0        0        0        0        0
   56127   383643    10993   371406        0   111726     2127     8707      119     3541        7        0      363066    402976   174009    75375     1751        0       64        0        0        0
   55010   384327    11000   372120        0   111361     2140     6645      357     3852        0        0      363116    404331   173978    75363       30        0       41        0        0        0
   57239   382808    11014   371050        0   111818     2178     6626      259     3642        0        0      363160    401712   173880    75363       98        0       17        0        0        0

Ref: 你到底需要多少内存?| macOS下非严谨测试 - YouTube

2021

Jul 13

2021-07-13 ·

M1 Cinebench 性能跑分

Cinebench R23 单核 Cinebench R23 多核
2020 Mac mini (Apple Sillicon, M1, 16G RAM) 1488 7583
2017 13" Macbook Pro (Intel, 2.3GHz dual-core i5, 16G RAM) 860 2215
Hackintosh (Intel, 3.41GHz dual-Core Core i5, 24G RAM) 894 3104

2021

Jul 11

2021-07-11 ·

Rectangular extra centering command

Add an extra centering command with custom size (ctrl + option + N)

defaults write com.knollsoft.Rectangle specified -dict-add keyCode -float 45 modifierFlags -float 786721
defaults write com.knollsoft.Rectangle specifiedHeight -float 800
defaults write com.knollsoft.Rectangle specifiedWidth -float 1330

Then quit rectangular and restart.

Ref: Rectangle/README.md at master · rxhanson/Rectangle

2021

Jul 05

2021-07-05 ·

GPU 数感 | 通感 | 常识

架构

FLOPS

每秒浮点运算次数 (FLOPS)

  • gigaFLOPS GFLOPS 10^9
  • teraFLOPS TFLOPS 10^12
  • NVIDIA GeForce RTX 2080 Ti :13.45 TFLOPS

Memory

1 Million 的 float 是 4 MB 1 Billion 的 float 是 4 GB

GPU compute capability vs architecture list:

Compute
Capability
Architecture
Name
8 Ampere
7.5 Turing
7 Volta
6 Pascal
5 Maxwell
3 Kepler
2 Fermi
1 Tesla

Ref:

2021

Jul 02

2021-07-02 ·

安装 Windows

  1. NVME M.2 安装 Windows 的坑: https://www.dell.com/support/kbdoc/zh-cn/000132465/windows-10-安装-带-nvme-ssd-和-sata-驱动器
  2. linux 制做 U 盘时需要手动 sync
    cp src dest
    sync  # manual sync to assure write is done
    watch -n 1 -d 'cat /proc/meminfo | grep Dirty'  # check sync progress

2021

Jul 01

2021-07-01 ·

IO 性能测试

dd if=/dev/zero of=~/test1.img bs=1G count=1 oflag=dsync
dd if=/dev/zero of=~/test2.img bs=512 count=1000 oflag=dsync

2021

Jun 30

2021-06-30 ·

Jupyter multiple environment

conda activate base
conda install -c conda-forge nb_conda
jupyter notebook

2021

Jun 26

2021-06-26 ·

Helloworld! This account will be used to share useful wikis, and will be public accessable.

2021

Apr 21

2021-04-21 ·

Disable lghub

  • kill background update process
    • ps -A | grep hub
    • kill the process of /Applications/lghub.app/Contents/Frameworks/lghub_updater.app/Contents/MacOS/lghub_updater
  • disable auto start when restart computer
    • change RunAtLoad to be false for /Library/LaunchAgents/com.logi.ghub.plist
    • change RunAtLoad to be false, KeepAlive to be false, Disabled to be true for /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.logi.ghub.updater.plist

2021

Mar 18

2021-03-18 ·

CUDA Memory Transcation

读global mem,从L1走的话(默认L1),一个transaction是32个float。 但是,可以指定从 L2走,L2走的话,一个transaction可以是1,2,4个segments,每个segments是8个float。 所以 如果memory access 不是 coalessing的话,L2走 利用率更高。 或者 如果 一个warp 访问的是同一个元素,L2也快。 Ref:

  1. 2013 GTC Programming-Guidelines-GPU-Architecture - backup
  2. 2012 GTC GPU-Performance-Analysis - backup
  3. 2010 GTC Better Performance at Lower Occupancy - backup
  4. 2018 GTC volta architecture and performance optimization
  5. 2011 register_spilling

2021

Feb 13

2021-02-13 ·

蛋白质

快肌纤维的肌肉 慢肌肉纤维的肌肉
时间 在短期时间的活动时用到 持续性动作时用到(慢步、站立和飞行)
特点 没有足够的肌红蛋白能源 储存大量氧气的肌红蛋白
消耗 消耗的是糖原 肌红蛋白,能够支撑长期的能量消耗
颜色 糖元的颜色发白 肌红蛋白的颜色为红
结论 快肌纤维多是白肉 慢肌肉纤维多是红肉

2021

Feb 11

2021-02-11 ·

Scan (cumsum)

Blockwise communication

// wait for the previous block finish the partial sum
while(Atomicadd(sum[sbid], 0) == 0) {;} 
// do the job
do
// give signal to the next block
Atomicadd(sum[sbid+1], 1)

Dynamic blockIdx assignment

上面的问题希望让 block 顺序执行,如果 scheduler backward 分配 block,后面的 block 在运行,并且等待着previous block 的结果,但是 SM 不足以分配资源给 previous block,很可能会产生 deadlock。 blockIdx.x 本是 block 的 id,不用这个。因为这个id无法保证sceduler是顺序分配的。 解决办法是在 global memory 定义一个 blockidcounter,每个block执行的时候,thread0 对counter atomicadd加一。 这样blockidx就是顺序执行的了。

2021

Jan 29

2021-01-29 ·

Cgroup V2

Nvidia-docker

Edit /etc/nvidia-container-runtime/config.toml and change #no-cgroups=false to no-cgroups=true. After a restart of the docker.service sudo systemctl restart docker everything will work as usual.

System

Kernel/KernelBootParameters - Ubuntu Wiki

sudo vim /etc/default/grub
# GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash systemd.unified_cgroup_hierarchy=1"
sudo update-grub

Docker

Plex needs

sudo mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd
sudo mount -t cgroup -o none,name=systemd cgroup /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd

https://github.com/docker/for-linux/issues/219#issuecomment-375160449 restart will have issue fix by add into /etc/init.d/my-cgroup-systemd

-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 96 Mar  5 22:40 my-cgroup-systemd
mkdir /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd
mount -t cgroup -o none,name=systemd cgroup /sys/fs/cgroup/systemd

then edit /etc/rc.local add the script file path

2021

Jan 20

2021-01-20 ·

Compile Pytorch with cuda/10.0 on hipergator

srun -p gpu --ntasks=1 --cpus-per-task=10 --gpus=geforce:1 --time=02:00:00 --mem=50gb  --pty -u bash -i

prepare environment

conda activate base
conda install cudatoolkit=10.0
conda install -c pytorch magma-cuda100  # also install magma in base

conda create -n cuaev python=3.7
conda activate cuaev
conda install cudatoolkit=10.0  # yeah do it again
conda install -c pytorch magma-cuda100
export CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=${CONDA_PREFIX:-"$(dirname $(which conda))/../"}
module load cuda/10.0.130
module load gcc/7.3.0
export CUDA_HOME=/apps/compilers/cuda/10.0.130

Install pytorch (from pytorch/pytorch )

conda install numpy ninja pyyaml mkl mkl-include setuptools cmake cffi typing_extensions future six requests dataclasses
git clone --recursive https://github.com/pytorch/pytorch
cd pytorch
# if you are updating an existing checkout
git submodule sync
git submodule update --init --recursive
export CMAKE_PREFIX_PATH=${CONDA_PREFIX:-"$(dirname $(which conda))/../"}
python setup.py install  # will take about half a hour

Check pytorch

python -c 'from torch.utils.collect_env import get_pretty_env_info; print(get_pretty_env_info())'

2020

2020

Dec 22

2020

Nov 17

2020

Nov 13

2020-11-13 ·

Python String 对齐

str.ljust() 
str.rjust() 
str.center()
header_lens = {'function': 10, 'time': 10, 'count': 10}
timers = {'run': 10, 'forward': 8, 'backward': 4}
counts = {'run': 1, 'forward': 1, 'backward': 1}
for h, l in header_lens.items():
    print(h.rjust(l), end ="")
print()
for k in timers:
    print(k.rjust(header_lens['function']), end ="")
    print(str(timers[k]).rjust(header_lens['time']), end ="")
    print(str(counts[k]).rjust(header_lens['count']), end ="")
    print()

output

  function      time     count
       run        10         1
   forward         8         1
  backward         4         1

2020

Oct 23

2020-10-23 ·

Docker 绕过 UFW 规则,导致重大安全隐患

Docker publish 的所有端口会绕过 UFW 设定的规则,导致无意公开的内部服务可以被公网访问。 尤其是弱智 mongodb 默认不需要 authentication 就能操作所有 database,因此在不知情的情况下,mongo 裸奔,被黑客攻击,删除数据勒索。

相关case:

防护措施

chaifeng/ufw-docker: To fix the Docker and UFW security flaw without disabling iptables

/etc/ufw/after.rules 最后添加 iptables 代码: 参照 WeiNote - Docker UFW 防护措施 重启

sudo systemctl restart ufw

测试端口 port

nmap命令-----基础用法 - nmap - 博客园

nmap -p 27017 server.com
nmap server.com
  • open / closed: 说明端口开启了
  • filterd: 说明被防火墙屏蔽
telnet server.com 27017

Mongo 安全

mongoDB 数据莫名其妙的没了_技术熊的博客小窝-CSDN博客 config 文件 设置 auth=true,就不会裸奔了,必须要有密码才能访问,否则不需要任何authentication就能操作任何数据库!

port = 27017
bind_ip = 127.0.0.1
auth = true

Docker ports

Use the following format will be more secure

ports:
  - "127.0.0.1:8001:8001"
  1. Compose file version 3 reference | Docker Documentation
  2. Docker EXPOSE a port only to Host - Stack Overflow

查看 docker 更改的 iptables

sudo iptables -L DOCKER
Chain DOCKER (2 references)
target     prot opt source               destination         
ACCEPT     tcp  --  anywhere             172.18.0.2           tcp dpt:27017

to get more information about a container

docker inspect $ID

2020

Sep 23

2020

Jul 18

2020-07-18 ·

Python参数传递

  1. Python参数传递,既不是传值也不是传引用 - simpleapples
  2. python - How do I pass a variable by reference? - Stack Overflow

可变对象和不可变对象

a = [1, 2, 3]
def mutate(a):
    a += [4]
print(a)  # [1, 2, 3]
mutate(a)
print(a)  # [1, 2, 3, 4]

b = 1
def mutate(b):
    b += 1
print(b)  # 1
mutate(b)
print(b)  # 1

函数也是对象,默认参数只初始化一次

def test(b=[]):
    b += [1]
    print(b)

test()  # [1]
test()  # [1, 1]
test()  # [1, 1, 1]
def test(b=None):
    b = b or []
    b += [1]
    print(b)

test()  # [1]
test()  # [1]
test()  # [1]

函数默认值在定义时初始化,而不是执行时

i = 1
def test(a=i):
    print(a)

i = 2
test()  # 1

2020

Jul 17

2020-07-17 ·

Multiprocessing

Contexts and start methods

  • fork: child process typically can access the dataset and Python argument functions directly through the cloned address space.
  • spawn: pickle all parent data, slower

Reference:

  1. multiprocessing — Process-based parallelism — Python 3.8.4 documentation
  2. Single- and Multi-process Data Loading

Wrap a function to an object with several input

import functools
a = functools.partial(f, n=20)

Reference: Python multiprocessing a function with several inputs - Stack Overflow

Example

processes = []
torch.multiprocessing.set_start_method('fork')
for rank in range(self.world_size):
    p = torch.multiprocessing.Process(target=worker, args=(rank, self.config))
    p.start()
    processes.append(p)

for p in processes:
    p.join()

2020

Jul 06

2020-07-06 ·

ffmpeg

mp4 -> mp3

mkdir outputs
for f in *.mp4; do ffmpeg -i "$f" -c:a libmp3lame "outputs/${f%.mp4}.mp3"; done

cut 视频

ffmpeg -ss 00:02:46 -i 勇气.mov -to 00:06:47 -c copy 勇气o.mov
ffmpeg -ss 00:00:00 -i 21.mp4 -to 00:00:10 -c copy o21.mp4

cut mp3

ffmpeg -ss 00:00:00 -to 00:10:00 -i inputfile.mp3 -c copy outputfile.mp3

调高音量

ffmpeg -i input.mp3 -af volume=23dB output.mp3

使输出文件能够快速加载并播放(通过将index等数据放在mp4文件起始位置)

ffmpeg -i input.mp4 -movflags +faststart output.mp4

2020

Jun 02

2020

Mar 14

2020-03-14 ·

Python tips and tricks

List Comprehensions

# [ expression for item in list if conditional ]
def square(x):
    return x**2
a = [square(i) for i in range(10) if (i % 2 == 0)]
# [0, 4, 16, 36, 64]

if else

>>> a = [10, -1, 1, -10, None, 0, None, 0]
>>> [x if x > 0 else -x for x in a if x]
[10, 1, 1, 10]

dataclass, Python 3.7 中 dataclass

from dataclasses import dataclass
@dataclass
class Card:
    rank: str
    suit: str
card = Card("Q", "hearts")
print(card == card)
# True

Slicing a list

a[start:stop:step] , default is a[0:-1:1]

"abcdefgh"[::2]
# 'aceg'
"abcd"[::-1]
# 'dcba'

map

def upper(s):
    return s.upper()
mylist = list(map(upper, ['sentence', 'fragment']))
# ['SENTENCE', 'FRAGMENT']

Ternary Operator For Conditional Assignment

x = "Success!" if (y == 2) else "Failed!"

Integer division

Python 3
5 / 2 = 2.5
5 // 2 = 2

Avoid using np.append for big array in for loop

In [1]: import numpy as np                                                                                                                                                  

In [2]: %%timeit 
   ...: a = np.array(1) 
   ...: for i in range(5000): 
   ...:     a = np.append(a, 1) 
   ...:                                                                                                                                                                     
31.8 ms ± 615 µs per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 10 loops each)

In [3]: %%timeit 
   ...: a = [1] 
   ...: for i in range(5000): 
   ...:     a.append(1) 
   ...:                                                                                                                                                                     
380 µs ± 9.29 µs per loop (mean ± std. dev. of 7 runs, 1000 loops each)

Reference:

30 Python Best Practices, Tips, And Tricks - Towards Data Science

2020

Mar 06

2020-03-06 ·

编译器

LLVM / Clang / GCC

MLIR - Chris Lattner

MLIR (Multi-Level Intermediate Representation)

XLA - TF

XLA (Accelerated Linear Algebra) is a domain-specific compiler for linear algebra that can accelerate TensorFlow models with potentially no source code changes. Most internal benchmarks run ~1.15x faster after XLA is enabled.

2020

Feb 03

2020-02-03 ·

Python notes

copy.copy() and copy.deepcopy()

>>> a = [1, 2, [3]]
>>> c = copy.deepcopy(a)
>>> b = copy.copy(a)
>>> a[-1][0] = 4
>>> a
[1, 2, [4]]
>>> b
[1, 2, [4]]
>>> c
[1, 2, [3]]

is and ==

a = 1
b = 1
a == b  # True  | Value
a is b  # False | Object

Sort

intervals = [[1, 2], [2, 3], [5, 8], [0, 1]]
intervals.sort(key=lambda x: x[0])
from functools import cmp_to_key
def cmp_xy(x, y):
    spe_dict = {'C':1, 'H':0, 'N':1, 'O':2}
    x = spe_dict[x]
    y = spe_dict[y]

    if x > y:
        return 1
    elif x < y:
        return -1
    else:
        return 0

a = ['C', 'H', 'N', 'O']
a.sort(key=cmp_to_key(cmp_xy))
print(a)  # ['H', 'C', 'N', 'O']

Ref: Reference

a = ['C', 'H', 'N', 'O']
spe_dict = {'C':1, 'H':0, 'N':1, 'O':2}
a.sort(key=lambda x: spe_dict[x])
print(a) # ['H', 'C', 'N', 'O']
dict.values()
dict.keys()
dict.items()

max(dict, key=dict.get)
max(dict.keys(), key=lambda k: dict[k])

2019

2019

Dec 08

2019-12-08 ·

Python Internal

  1. Book Inside The Python Virtual Machine pdf | Read online Python源码剖析 pdf

  2. 谈谈 Python 程序的运行原理 | 淡水网志

  3. CPython的Global Interprate Lock(GIL): Preventing multiple threads from executing Python bytecodes at once.

  • 大家听说过对 CPython的GIL的抱怨不?经常听到对不对? 有多少一般 Python用户知道吐槽GIL其实真的在吐槽的就是 CPython的引用计数及C API实现? -- 知乎

  • Python的全局解释器锁(GIL) - 简书

    Done is better than perfect

2019

Nov 20

2019-11-20 ·

Use python in bash script

Simple case:

for i in {0..5}
do
    file=$(python -c "a='wavefunction{:02d}'.format($i); print(a)")
    echo $file
    sleep 0.5
done
#wavefunction00
#...
#wavefunction05
python -c "print('some')"
some  #output
a=$(python -c "a='I am {}'.format('richard'); print(a)")
echo $a
I am richard   #output
a=$(python -c "print('some')" 2>&1)  # 2>&1的意思是python的stderr输出重定向到stdout
echo $a
some   #output
for i in {0..29}
do
    echo $i
    python -c "import os; os.remove('input'); a = 'blabla'; print(a); file=open('input', 'w+'); file.write(a); file.close()"
    cpptraj -p ../template.pdb -i input
done

2019

Oct 04

2019-10-04 ·

Slurm

Enforce memory limit for jobs

related settings: /etc/slurm-llnl/slurm.conf

TaskPlugin = task/affinity,task/cgroup
MaxMemPerNode=100000
DefMemPerNode=100000
DefMemPerCPU=5000
SelectTypeParameters=CR_CPU_Memory

/etc/slurm-llnl/cgroup.conf

ConstrainRAMSpace=yes

The default mem-per-cpu is 5gb, you can specify more using #SBATCH --mem-per-cpu=10gb for example in your script. If the job exceed the requested mem, it will get killed by slurm to avoid OOM system error.

Ref: hpc - Cannot enforce memory limits in SLURM - Stack Overflow

Update Slurm after Replace GPU

If chang gpu on mordor or isengard, both of them needs to be updated

sudo vim /etc/slurm-llnl/slurm.conf
sudo vim /etc/slurm-llnl/gres.conf

Then restart

sudo /etc/init.d/slurmd restart
sudo /etc/init.d/slurmctld restart

2019

Sep 09

2019-09-09 ·

VSCode Shortcuts

Code > Preferences > Keyboard Shortcuts > keybindings.json (see image above)

[
    {
        "key": "ctrl+shift+tab",
        "command": "workbench.action.previousEditor"
    },
    {
        "key": "ctrl+tab",
        "command": "workbench.action.nextEditor"
    },
    {
        "key": "ctrl+,",
        "command": "workbench.action.decreaseViewSize"
    },
    {
        "key": "ctrl+.",
        "command": "workbench.action.increaseViewSize"
    }
]

For github1s

// Place your key bindings in this file to override the defaults
[
    {
        "key": "alt+shift+tab",
        "command": "workbench.action.previousEditor"
    },
    {
        "key": "alt+tab",
        "command": "workbench.action.nextEditor"
    },
    {
        "key": "ctrl+,",
        "command": "workbench.action.decreaseViewSize"
    },
    {
        "key": "ctrl+.",
        "command": "workbench.action.increaseViewSize"
    },
    {
        "key": "ctrl+w",
        "command": "workbench.action.closeActiveEditor"
    },
    {
        "key": "cmd+w",
        "command": "-workbench.action.closeActiveEditor"
    }
]

2019

Aug 14

2019-08-14 ·

Python String format

"{:,}".format(123456789)                                            
'123,456,789'
'CPU  {: 4d}%'.format(100)
'CPU  {: 4d}%'.format(10)
'CPU  {: 4d}%'.format(0)
CPU   100%
CPU    10%
CPU     0%
'CPU  {:04d}%'.format(100)
'CPU  {:04d}%'.format(10)
'CPU  {:04d}%'.format(0)
CPU  0100%
CPU  0010%
CPU  0000%

If there is {} in string, change it to {{}}

"dict = {{'a': {}}}".format(1)
"dict = {'a': 1}"

Ref: str.format()

2019

Jun 30

2019-06-30 ·

Wireguard

Install

Set Up WireGuard VPN on Ubuntu | Linode

Server

Enable ip forward

sudo vim /etc/sysctl.conf
net.ipv4.ip_forward=1
net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1
sudo sysctl -p

IPv6

tcpdump

sudo tcpdump -i wg0 port 22
$ sudo tcpdump -i wg0
tcpdump: verbose output suppressed, use -v or -vv for full protocol decode
listening on wg0, link-type RAW (Raw IP), capture size 262144 bytes
12:05:06.856663 IP 111.11.1.2 > 111.11.1.3: ICMP echo request, id 28433, seq 0, length 64
12:05:06.856721 IP 111.11.1.2 > 111.11.1.3: ICMP echo request, id 28433, seq 0, length 64
12:05:06.876567 IP 111.11.1.3 > 111.11.1.2: ICMP echo reply, id 28433, seq 0, length 64
12:05:06.876592 IP 111.11.1.3 > 111.11.1.2: ICMP echo reply, id 28433, seq 0, length 64
12:05:07.859800 IP 111.11.1.2 > 111.11.1.3: ICMP echo request, id 28433, seq 1, length 64
12:05:07.859827 IP 111.11.1.2 > 111.11.1.3: ICMP echo request, id 28433, seq 1, length 64
12:05:07.879684 IP 111.11.1.3 > 111.11.1.2: ICMP echo reply, id 28433, seq 1, length 64
12:05:07.879707 IP 111.11.1.3 > 111.11.1.2: ICMP echo reply, id 28433, seq 1, length 64

ping

richard@mbpr > ping 111.11.1.3
PING 111.11.1.3 (111.11.1.3): 56 data bytes
64 bytes from 111.11.1.3: icmp_seq=0 ttl=63 time=32.214 ms
64 bytes from 111.11.1.3: icmp_seq=1 ttl=63 time=32.074 ms
^C
--- 111.11.1.3 ping statistics ---
2 packets transmitted, 2 packets received, 0.0% packet loss
round-trip min/avg/max/stddev = 32.074/32.144/32.214/0.070 ms

Ref:

Mac wg-quick

wg-quick: Version mismatch: bash 3 detected, when bash 4+ required

brew install bash
export PATH=/usr/local/bin:$PATH

Mac run at login / startup

/Library/LaunchDaemons/com.startup.script.plist

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC "-//Apple Computer//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN" "http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd">
<plist version="1.0">
    <dict>
        <key>Label</key>
        <string>com.wireguard.startup.plist</string>
        <key>Disabled</key>
        <false/>
        <key>RunAtLoad</key>
        <true/>
        <key>KeepAlive</key>
        <false/>
        <key>LaunchOnlyOnce</key>
        <true/>
        <key>ProgramArguments</key>
        <array>
            <string>/bin/bash</string>
            <string>/Users/richard/bin/run-wg-on-start</string>
        </array>
        <key>StandardOutPath</key>
        <string>/tmp/wireguard.start.log</string>
        <key>StandardErrorPath</key>
        <string>/tmp/wireguard.start.err</string>
    </dict>
</plist>

~/bin/run-wg-on-start

#! /usr/local/bin/bash
export PATH=/usr/local/bin:$PATH
/usr/local/bin/wg-quick up /path/to/wireguard/wg0.conf
sleep 2147483647  # 24855 days
echo quitting wireguard after 2147483647s

load service

sudo launchctl load /Library/LaunchDaemons/com.startup.script.plist

Ref:

切换server

linux

sudo wg-quick down /path/to/wireguard/wg0.conf; sudo wg-quick up /path/to/wireguard/wg0.conf;

mac

sudo wg-quick down /path/to/wireguard/wg0.conf; sudo wg-quick up /path/to/wireguard/wg0.conf;

如果旧的 server 还在运行,因为旧的 server 还在 不断的和 client (e.g. mac) 握手通讯,client 的 wg 会以为 server 还是旧的 server,因此 sudo wg 会显示新 server ip 之后,又切换回旧 server 的 ip 。 正确做法是关闭旧 server 的 wg 服务,从而顺利切换新的 server。